- Category: People
- Hits: 8207
Allan Cunningham (July 13, 1791 – June 27, 1839) was an English botanist and explorer.
Allan Cunningham is primarily known for his travels in New South Wales to collect plants. He went to Brazil between 1814 and 1816, arriving in Australia in December of that year. Among other explorations, he joined John Oxley's 1817 expedition to the Lachlan and Macquarie rivers and travelled as the ship's botanist aboard HMS Mermaid from 1817 to 1820. He also undertook an expedition to what is now Canberra in 1824. He visited New Zealand in 1826.
In 1827 Allan Cunningham set out from the upper Hunter River to explore inside the Dividing Range, discovering the Darling Downs. Cunningham was to return in 1828 from Brisbane to discover Cunningham's Gap. Cunningham travelled on the right hand side of the Gap whereas the highway today runs on the left hand side from the small township of Aratula. Spicer's Gap which runs parallel to Cunningham's Gap was used in coaching days. The peaks on either side of the gap were also named, Mount Cordeaux and Mount Mitchell. In 1829 he explored the Brisbane River.
Cunningham was born in Wimbledon. He was chosen by Joseph Banks to travel abroad to collect plants for the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. In 1831 he returned to England, but went back to Australia as Government Botanist in 1837, resigning in the following year. His grave is at the Royal Botanic Gardens in Sydney.
- Category: Flora
- Hits: 10738
The golden Wattle (Acacia Pycnantha) is one of two Toowoomba floral emblems, the other being the Sweet Violet. The native plant was officially adopted as Australia's floral emblem in 1988. It is quite common to the Toowoomba region. The plant is characterized by it's bright yellow, fragrant flowers. It can grow between two and eight meters high.
Useful links: Acacia Pycnantha on Wikipedia.
- Category: Miscellaneous
- Hits: 13735
Toowoomba.org is a not for profit website dedicated to providing online information about the beautiful little city of Toowoomba. The main areas of interest include Toowoomba's history, famous people, buildings, surrounding areas, events, regional development, and preserving Toowoomba's attraction and beauty.
If you would like to contribute any valuable information to this site you feel would benefit the community of Toowoomba, then please do not hesitate to contact me.
- Category: Regional
- Hits: 24167
Toowoomba is a picturesque mountain city located in south east Queensland some 127Km west of the states capital, Brisbane.
Clinging to the edge of the Great Dividing Range escarpment at an altitude of seven hundred meters above sea-level, the city affords breathtaking views of Table Top Mountain and the Lockyer Valley region across the east.
The city covers an area of approx. 117 Sq Km and is centred at the intersection of the Warrego and New England highways.
Toowoomba's climate can best be described as pleasant with temperature ranges averaging a cool 5°C to 16°C in winter and a mild 17°C to 27°C in summer.
With a population of over 90,000 people, Toowoomba is Australia's largest inland regional city and is the commercial and economic hub of the Darling Downs, thereby serving a population in excess of 250,000 people.
Major industries include manufacturing, wholesale, agriculture and with more than 23 private schools, a technical college, and university, Toowoomba can be considered a major educational centre.
Toowoomba's origin dates back to 1827 when Allan Cunningham, an English explorer discovered a vast expanse of rich farming land which he named the 'Darling Downs' after then Governor of New South Wales, Sir Ralph Darling.
One of the first settlements on the Downs, 'The Springs', to be renamed Drayton soon thereafter was established in 1842. Over the next decade Drayton would grow to become well established, but a drought in 1850 saw many re-settle a few miles to the north-east to an area that was seldom visited.
Known as 'The Swamp', one of the first to take up residence there was Thomas Alford. Arriving to The Swamp from Drayton in 1852 he established a house and shop which he named Toowoomba, and hence the cities eventual namesake.
The derivation of the name Toowoomba is ambiguous, though the most widely accepted theory is that it's more or less a pronunciation of the Aboriginal word for 'The Swamp'.
Throughout the second half of the nineteenth century, Toowoomba would prosper, being proclaimed a municipality in 1860, a township in 1892, and a city in 1904.
There are many things to see and do in Toowoomba all year round. In spring time, Toowoomba's parks and gardens become vibrant and ablaze with colour and life, and to celebrate Toowoomba's status as "The Garden City", every year in September the Carnival of Flowers is held, with a street parade, and other activities.